• Title: The Freedom Business: Including a Narrative of the Life & Adventures of Venture, a Native of Africa
  • Author: Marilyn Nelson, Deborah Muirhead
  • Released: 2008-10-01
  • Language: English
  • Pages: 79
  • ISBN: 1932425578
  • ISBN13: 978-1932425574
  • ASIN: 1932425578
From School Library Journal Grade 6 Up—Poems in various forms parallel the reproduced text of A Narrative of the Life & Adventures of Venture, a Native of Africa, published in 1798. Nelson's depictions and interpretations of scenes from Venture's account bring a musical, emotional, and inquisitive context to the true story of an enslaved African who eventually bought freedom for himself and his family. Similar in format to Fortune's Bones (2004) and Carver (2001, both Front St), the volume features poems on the right-hand pages, facing the ongoing narrative on the left (amazingly, the two keep pace). Text floats over abstract earth-toned art that lends qualities of light and texture to match the tone of each selection. The poems have both the sense of natural speech and of oratory, giving rhythmic majesty to intensely detailed physical and emotional landscapes. They are dense but rich, and encourage readers to approach the 18th-century narrative (which may seem oddly narrow-minded or stilted to today's youngsters) in a variety of ways. Respectful of both her audience and her subject, Nelson adds to her unique body of work connecting youngsters to history through a combination of primary-source material and verse.—Nina Lindsay, Oakland Public Library, CA
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From *Starred Review* In an extraordinary slave narrative recorded in 1798, Venture Smith remembers his capture in Guinea as a child; the horrific journey on the slave ship to Rhode Island; 30 years of hard labor; being sold and separated from his wife; and his years of work to buy his freedom and that of his family and to purchase his own land. Smith’s original, first-person account, published in 1798, appears opposite Nelson’s stirring poems, which are written in Smith’s voice and both intensify and comment on his experiences. Some readers may decide to read Smith’s whole continuous narrative before they begin again and read it with the poems. As in the book’s title, the poems’ elemental metaphor is the horror of people as business commodities, investments to speculate on or convert to cash, a workforce bought and sold. But the triumphant climax reverses the business––I own myself––and then Smith earns enough to buy his pregnant wife, rejoicing that their child will be born free. Never intrusive, Dancy’s sepia background art in watercolor, acrylics, and collage includes ink lines that evoke chains and ropes and then broken bonds. It’s surprising that this essential part of American biography and history isn’t more widely known. Suggest this as a crossover title to adults. Grades 9-12. --Hazel Rochman

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